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United Kingdom Country Profile
The United Kingdom is made up of England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. It has a long history as a major player in international affairs and fulfils an important role in the EU, UN and Nato. Britain was the world's first industrialised country. Its economy remains one of the largest, but it has for many years been based on service industries rather than on manufacturing.
Full name: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Population: 61.9 million (UN, 2010)
Area: 242,514 sq km (93,638 sq miles)
Major language: English
Major religion: Christianity
Life expectancy: 78 years (men), 82 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 pound sterling = 100 pence
Main exports: Manufactured goods, chemicals, foodstuffs
GNI per capita: US $41,520 (World Bank, 2009)
Internet domain: .uk
International dialling code: +44
Head of state: Queen Elizabeth II
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