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Trinadad & Tabago Country Profile
Trinidad and Tobago is one of the wealthiest countries in the Caribbean, thanks to its large reserves of oil and gas, the exploitation of which dominates its economy. Sighted by the explorer Christopher Columbus in 1498, Trinidad was settled by the Spanish before being taken by Britain in 1797. A succession of European powers laid claim to Tobago. Inhabited mostly by people of African and Indian descent, the two-island state enjoys a per capita income well above the average for Latin America. Natural gas - much of it exported to the US - is expected to overtake oil as its main source of revenue.
Full name: Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
Population: 1.3 million (UN, 2010)
Capital: Port of Spain
Area: 5,128 sq km (1,980 sq miles)
Major language: English
Major religions: Christianity, Hinduism, Islam
Life expectancy: 67 years (men), 74 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 Trinidad and Tobago dollar = 100 cents
Main exports: Petroleum and petroleum products, natural gas, chemicals
GNI per capita: US $16,490 (World Bank, 2009)
Internet domain: .tt
International dialling code: +1868
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