Martinique Country Profile
Martinique is an island in the eastern Caribbean Sea. To the northwest lies Dominica, to the south St Lucia, and to the southeast Barbados. A mountainous and densely-populated overseas department of France, Martinique's French and Creole heritage is mirrored in its customs, food and languages.
Tourism flourishes on the tropical Caribbean island, which draws hundreds of thousands of visitors each year and is a stopping-off point for cruise ships.
Status: Overseas department of France
Population: 399,700 (UN, 2008)
Area: 1,100 sq km (425 sq miles)
Major languages: French (official), Creole
Major religion: Christianity
Life expectancy: 77 years (men), 82 years (women)
Monetary unit: euro
Main exports: Bananas, petroleum products, rum
GNI per capita: US$14,727 (UN, 2003)
Internet domain: .mq
International dialing code: +596
Head of state: (French) President Nicolas Sarkozy
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