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Haiti Country Profile
Haiti became the world's first black-led republic and the first independent Caribbean state when it threw off French colonial control and slavery in a series of wars in the early 19th century. However, decades of poverty, environmental degradation, violence, instability and dictatorship have left it as the poorest nation in the Americas.
Full name: Republic of Haiti
Population: 10.2 million (UN, 2010)
Area: 27,750 sq km (10,714 sq miles)
Major languages: Creole, French
Major religion: Christianity
Life expectancy: 60 years (men), 64 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 gourde = 100 centimes
Main exports: Light manufactures, coffee, oils, mangoes
GNI per capita: Estimated to be low income: $995 or less (World Bank, 2009)
Internet domain: .ht
International dialling code: +509
President: Michel Martelly
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