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Guyana Country Profile
Guyana boasts a remarkably rich ecology, but also has one of South America's poorest economies. Tropical rainforests - filled with distinctive plants and trees, teeming with exotic birds, insects and mammals - are a big draw for eco-tourists. The only English-speaking country in South America, Guyana became independent in 1966.
Full name: Co-operative Republic of Guyana
Population: 761,400 (UN, 2010)
Area: 214,969 sq km (83,000 sq miles)
Major languages: English, indigenous languages, Creole, Hindi, Urdu
Major religions: Christianity, Hinduism, Islam
Life expectancy: 66 years (men), 72 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 Guyanese dollar (G$) = 100 cents
Main exports: Bauxite and alumina, sugar, gold, rice, shrimp, molasses, rum, timber
GNI per capita: US$1,450 (World Bank, 2009)
Internet domain: .gy
International dialling code: +592
Outgoing President: Bharrat Jagdeo
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