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Suriname Country Profile
Suriname, once known as Dutch Guiana, is one of South America's smallest countries. Suriname obtained its independence from the Netherlands in 1975; and is one of the most ethnically diverse countries in the Americas. Most of its people are descended from African slaves and Indian and Indonesian indentured servants brought over by the Dutch to work as agricultural labourers.
Full name: Republic of Suriname
Population: 524,000 (UN, 2010)
Area: 163,265 sq km (63,037 sq miles)
Major languages: Dutch (official), English, Sranang Tongo, Hindi, Javanese
Major religions: Hinduism, Islam, Christianity
Life expectancy: 66 years (men), 74 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: Suriname dollar
Main exports: Bauxite, alumina, aluminium, crude oil, timber, shrimp and fish, rice, bananas
GNI per capita: US $4,760 (World Bank, 2009)
Internet domain: .sr
International dialling code: +597
President: Desire "Desi" Bouterse
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