St. Lucia Country Profile
Tourism is the main source of income for St Lucia and the industry is its biggest employer. The tropical eastern Caribbean island boasts beaches, mountains, exotic plants and the Qualibou volcano with its boiling sulphur springs. Most St Lucians are the descendants of African slaves, brought in by the British in the 19th century to work on sugar plantations. Although St Lucia is a former British colony, the French settled in the 17th century. Their influence lives on in the patois spoken in the country.
Full name: Saint Lucia
Population: 174,000 (UN, 2010)
Major languages: English (official), French patois
Major religion: Christianity
Life expectancy: 73 years (men), 77 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 East Caribbean dollar = 100 cents
Main exports: Bananas, clothing, cocoa, vegetables, fruits, coconut oil
GNI per capita: US $5,170 (World Bank, 2009)
Internet domain: .lc
International dialling code: +1758
Head of state: Queen Elizabeth II, represented by Governor-General Pearlette Louisy
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