The Netherlands Country Profile
The Netherlands' name reflects its low-lying topography, with more than a quarter of its total area under sea level. Now a constitutional monarchy, the country began its independent life as a republic in the 16th century, when the foundations were laid for it to become one of the world's foremost maritime trading nations.
Full name: The Kingdom of the Netherlands
Population: 16.7 million (UN, 2010)
Capital: Amsterdam; seat of government: the Hague
Area: 41,864 sq km (16,164 sq miles)
Major language: Dutch
Major religion: Christianity
Life expectancy: 78 years (men), 83 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 euro = 100 cents
Main exports: Metal manufacturing, chemicals, foodstuffs
GNI per capita: US $49,350 (World Bank, 2009)
Internet domain: .nl
International dialling code: +31
Head of state: Queen Beatrix
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