Guatamala Country Profile
A country of striking features and a strong indigenous culture, Guatemala's natural beauty and powerful identity stand in stark contrast to its bloody past and troubled present. Mountainous, heavily forested and dotted with Mayan ruins, lakes, volcanoes, orchids and exotic birds, Guatemala is one of the most beautiful countries in Central America. Its indigenous population, the Maya, make up about half of the population. Mayan languages are spoken alongside Spanish, the official tongue. Many Guatemalans are of mixed Amerindian-Hispanic origin.
Full name: Republic of Guatemala
Population: 14.3 million (UN, 2010)
Capital: Guatemala City
Major languages: Spanish, more than 20 indigenous languages
Major religion: Christianity, indigenous Mayan beliefs
Life expectancy: 68 years (men), 75 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 quetzal = 100 centavos
Main exports: Coffee, sugar, bananas, fruits and vegetables, meat, petroleum, cardamon
GNI per capita: US $2,620 (World Bank, 2009)
Internet domain: .gt
International dialling code: + 502
President: Alvaro Colom
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