Canada Country Profile
Canada is the second largest country in the world after Russia. However, its population is only about one-fifth of Russia's. Nearly 90% of Canadians live within 200km of the border with the United States, which means that Canada contains vast expanses of wilderness to the north.
Full name: Canada
Population: 33.8 million (UN, 2010)
Largest city: Toronto
Area: 9.9 million sq km (3.8 million sq miles)
Major languages: English, French (both official)
Major religion: Christianity
Life expectancy: 79 years (men), 84 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 Canadian dollar = 100 cents
Main exports: Machinery and equipment, automotive products, metals and plastics, forestry products, agricultural and fishing products, energy products
GNI per capita: US $42,170 (World Bank, 2009)
Internet domain: .ca
International dialling code: +1
Head of state: Queen Elizabeth II, represented by a Governor-General
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